ICJIA Evidence-Based Practices Information

Central to the mission of Adult Redeploy Illinois is the inclusion of evidence-based practices in local plans to divert non-violent offenders from prison into community-based services and supervision, in order to reduce crime and recidivism rates and improve outcomes. The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority has recently launched a portal on its web site with a vast store of information and links to resources about evidence-based practices. This portal is a valuable tool for jurisdictions interested in implementing Adult Redeploy Illinois.

Evidence-Based Practices
Information Across the Justice System Online Technical Assistance Publication

What are Evidence-based Practices?

There are numerous definitions of evidence-based and multiple strategies for assessing effectiveness. The Authority recognizes the challenges and limitations posed in implementing evidence-based strategies in the exact manner, under the exact conditions necessary for program fidelity. Therefore, we strongly endorse incorporating the following evidence-based principles within practices or programs for justice populations:

Effective Planning Activities or Processes:

  1. Using available data to assess existing services and gaps
  2. Community engagement in planning for new initiatives and supporting existing strategies
  3. Strategic planning to assess agency or system capacity and to identify appropriate interventions
  4. Wherever possible, the adoption of promising or evidence-based practices or programs
  5. Logic models which guide the direction of the practice or program
  6. Development of programmatic and performance measures  to assess program implementation and effectiveness

Effective Strategy or Program Components:

  1. Principle 1: Assess Actuarial Risk/Needs.
  2. Principle 2: Enhance Intrinsic Motivation.
  3. Principle 3: Target Interventions.
  4. Risk Principle: Prioritize supervision and treatment resources for higher risk offenders
  5. Need Principle: Target interventions to criminogenic needs.
  6. Responsivity Principle: Be responsive to temperament, learning style, motivation, culture, and gender when assigning programs.
  7. Dosage: Structure 40-70% of high-risk offenders’ time for 3-9 months.
  8. Treatment Principle: Integrate treatment into the full sentence/sanction requirements.
  9. Principle 4: Skill Train with Directed Practice (use Cognitive Behavioral treatment methods).
  10. Principle 5: Increase Positive Reinforcement.
  11. Principle 6: Engage Ongoing Support in Natural Communities.
  12. Principle 7: Measure Relevant Processes/Practices.
  13. Principle 8: Provide Measurement Feedback.

Components adopted from: http://nicic.gov/pubs/2004/019342.pdf .

I. Reports & Resources

These resources offer a basic primer, guidelines or step-by-step explanations to understand, identify and implement research-based strategies in the areas of prevention and early intervention, child welfare, health and human services, community supervision and alternatives to incarceration, law enforcement, jails and prisons, information sharing, and recidivism reduction strategies for adults and juveniles.

Prevention & Early Intervention

Blueprints for Violence Prevention
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV)
This information clearinghouse collects research literature and resources on the causes and prevention of violence and provides direct information services to the public by offering an online searchable customized database. The center maintains a basic research component through data analysis and other projects on the causes of violence and the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.

Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy (Top Tier)
The Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy was created to assess social interventions for scientifically demonstrated effectiveness in the areas of early childhood development, education, youth development, crime and violence prevention, substance abuse, mental health, employment and welfare, and international development.

Diffusing Research into Practice Using the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders
James C. Howell, Georgetown University
http://cjjr.georgetown.edu/pdfs/ebp/howell2003.pdf This journal article in Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice discusses a framework for dealing with serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders, the comprehensive strategy, which organizes program evaluation research towards prevention and intervention.

Evidence Based Programs for Youth and Families at Risk: Resource Guide
Institute on Family & Neighborhood Life at Clemson University
This extensive resource guide offers practitioner’s registries of evidence based programs at the federal government level: departments of education, health, human services, justice, government accountability office, at the state government level, and non-governmental and international resources. Also included are journal articles, handbooks, working papers, research briefs, bulletins, and guides, and other sources.

Functional Family Therapy
FFT Inc.
This website provides a guide to the implementation of Functional Family Therapy (FFT), a family intervention model for at-risk youth from ages 10-18.  This model targets a variety of problems ranging from misbehavior to substance abuse.  The FFT model has been adapted to juvenile justice, mental health, child welfare systems, prevention and diversion programs, aftercare, parole, substance abuse programs, and school based programs. 

Guide to Community Prevention Services
Violence Prevention Focused on Children and Youth
This guide includes systematic reviews of interventions in the following areas: early childhood home visitation, firearms laws, reducing psychological harm from traumatic events, school-based violence prevention programs, therapeutic foster care, and youth transfer to adult criminal system.

Helping America’s Youth Program Tool
First Lady’s Office
Helping America’s Youth is an initiative of the office of the First Lady’s Office. The Helping America’s Youth Program Tool uses the same criteria as the OJJDP Model Programs Guide and ranks many of the same programs.  The Find Youth Program Directory is a searchable database of federally funded evidence based programs aimed at preventing and reducing delinquency and other problem behaviors, which may be searched by key words, protective factors, and risk factors.

Managing At-Risk Juvenile Offenders in the Community: Putting Evidence-Based Principles into Practice
Randy Borum, University of South Florida
The author advocates the importance of using of evidence-based interventions for recidivating juvenile offenders, and applies the main principles shown “to work” from empirical studies and meta-analyses to practice

Models, Promising Programs and Evaluation Tools
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence
Provides resources for youth-violence prevention and positive youth development. Site visitors may search programs in different categories such as advocacy, agencies, bullying, data and statistics, families, funding, gangs, models and evaluation tools, reentry, school and after school, youth resources, among others.

Preventing and Reducing Youth Crime and Violence: Using Evidence-Based Practices
California Governor’s Office of Gang and Youth Violence Policy
http://www.nursefamilypartnership.org/assets/PDF/Journals-and Reports/CA_GOGYVP_Greenwood_1-27-10
Included is a list of the programs and strategies that are most likely to prevent and reduce youth crime and violence. Information about Nurse-Family Partnership is provided, as well as evidence for its effectiveness in crime prevention, stronger communities, and healthier babies.

Restorative Justice Dialogue: Evidence-Based Practice
Center for Restorative Justice and Peace-Making
This paper reviews 85 reports about four restorative justice dialogues: victim-offender mediation, group conferencing, circles, and other approaches like reparative boards and community based programs that call for a collaborative victim and offender participation. They are examined across different dimensions: participation rates and reasons, participant satisfaction, participant perception of fairness, restitution repair of harm, diversion, recidivism, and cost.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence Information Clearinghouse
University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
The information clearinghouse provides a literature database with a free topical bibliographic searching service, a program database with a listing of national violence prevention, intervention, and treatment programs, an instrumental database with data collection tools for program evaluation purposes, and a database for other resources. Youth-violence-related information is collected, evaluated, stored, and disseminated.

What Works Clearinghouse
This resource is an initiative of the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences dedicated to providing information on educational interventions for educators, including prevention and early intervention strategies to reduce youth violence, school dropouts and substance abuse.

Youth Gang Strategic Planning Tool
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
The tool allows the user to conduct an inventory to be incorporated into a collaborative, comprehensive approach to gangs. The tool permits the user to access a database containing descriptions of numerous gang prevention, intervention, and suppression programs, strategies, and activities. The tool also contains a description of research-based risk factors for delinquency. All programs in the database provide a description of each program by clicking on the program name.

Washington State’s Family Integrated Transitions Program for Juvenile Offenders: Outcome Evaluation and Benefit-Cost Analysis
Washington State Institute for Public Policy
The report provides a cost benefit and effectiveness analysis of the Family Integrated Transitions (FIT) program, as implemented in Washington.

What Works: Life Course Interventions to Nurture Kids Successfully (LINKS)
Child Trends
Youth advocacy organization Child Trends has reviewed research on a wide range of youth development and prevention programs and practices. The LINKS Database is a continuously updated searchable database of evidence supporting programs, such as Big Brother/Big Sisters, and specific practices (promoting self-esteem, involving parents, etc) that work and that do not work.

Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General
Office of the Surgeon General
The surgeon general provides lists of model and promising programs for violence and risk prevention for seriously delinquent youth, along with contact information and additional resources.

The Efficacy of Strategies to Reduce Juvenile Offending
Troy Allard, James Ogilvie, Anna Stewart
Justice Modeling at Griffifth University
An evaluation of national and international research literature related to the efficacy of juvenile offender reduction strategies, which were categorized according to developmental and early interventions, law enforcement and criminal justice approaches, community crime prevention, and situational crime prevention.

Child Welfare

Child Physical & Sexual Abuse: Guidelines for Treatment
National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center and Center for Sexual Assault and Traumatic Stress
This report provides accessible information to practitioners in an effort to encourage the use of mental health treatment protocols and procedures that reflect evidence-based principles. Specifically, the report reviews strategies that have a sound theoretical basis, a good clinical-anecdotal literature, high acceptance among practitioners in the child abuse field, a low chance for causing harm and empirical support for their utility with victims of abuse.

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP): A Primer & Resource Guide
Prevent Child Abuse America
This guide is a comprehensive primer about the origin of the evidence based practice movement, how evidence is collected and classified, and suggestions for identifying and using evidence-based practices for human services. It is intended to facilitate the evidence based decision making process for practitioners who have access to electronic databases by outlining how to best convert their needs into practical use of evidence based practices.  This helps practitioners incorporate research into their daily decision making.

Guide for Child Welfare Administrators on Evidence Based Practice
National Association of Public Child Welfare Administrators
This guide provides guidelines for a common language and framework with which to understand the conditions, challenges, and opportunities of evidence-based practice in child welfare. This document pertains to prevention and intervention services, but the overarching principles can be applied to all practices in child welfare. It is intended to provide a foundation of information for child welfare administrators.

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Treatment Foster Care
The Foster Family-Based Treatment Association (FFTA)
This guide highlights valuable information, references, resources, and tools for implementing evidence-based practices in treatment foster care service settings. The resource guide identifies specific models, interventions, and tools that providers can use to deliver effective services to the children, youth, and families in their care. It also provides how-to information to help these providers successfully implement desired evidence-based practices in their programs.

Making the Case for Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: An Overview of Cost Effective Prevention Strategies
FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention
This report from the FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention provides an overview of a range of prevention strategies that have been found to have some evidence of being able to preventing child abuse and neglect.

Moving Toward Evidence-Based Practices in Social Work
Chadwick Center for Children and Families
This PowerPoint document is on using empirical evidence of efficacy as criteria for treatment selection in the child maltreatment field.

Safe Start Promising Approaches to Communities: Working Together to Help Children Exposed to Violence
Safe Start Center
Launched by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and its federal partners in the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, this initiative is designed as a national framework which seeks to address the needs of children exposed to violence. This booklet describes each of the 15 Safe Start Promising Approaches communities and outlines how these programs are integrating evidence-based or promising practices as well as other complementary interventions within their geographical, agency, and community contexts.

Risk, Asset, & Needs Assessment

The Arizona Standardized Program Evaluation Protocol (SPEP) for Assessing the Effectiveness of Programs for Juvenile Probationers: SPEP Rating and Relative Recidivism Reduction, An Update to the January 2008 Report by Dr. Mark Lipsey
Arizona Supreme Court, Juvenile Justice Service Division
David P. Redpath & Jeanne K. Brandner, April 2010
This report investigates the validity of the SPEP rating scheme developed by Mark Lipsy as an evidence-based assessment of programs aimed at reducing juvenile offender recidivism. Programs in 15 Arizona counties were evaluated using SPEP, and the major findings show that SPEP scores are an indicative measure of promising empirical validity as a guide to effective programming for juvenile offenders.

The Structured Decision Making Model: An Evidence-Based Approach to Human Services
The Children's Research Center
This resource presents Structured Decision Making (SDM), an evidence-based model designed to help agencies and caseworkers make accurate risk assessments about families and children. The document reviews the principles of the SDM model and provide updated information on its use in jurisdictions around the country.

A Question of Evidence: A Critique of Risk Assessment Models Used in the Justice System
Chris Baird, February 2009
National Council on Crime and Delinquency
This report explores the problems with current risk assessment models used in juvenile justice, in terms of validity and reliability, and provides a short review of the recent literature on this topic, in hopes of assisting policy makers and practitioners trying to select and implement a reliable and valid assessment model.

Review of Empirically Based Risk/Needs Assessment Tools for Youth Justice: Amended Report for Public Release
Carleen Thompson, Anna Stewart, January 2006
Justice Modeling at Griffith University
This report comparatively evaluates the evidence base for youth justice risk/needs assessment tools. This report ultimately gave recommendations for the juvenile justice system in Queensland, Australia.

Reducing Juvenile Recidivism Through Evidence Based Supervision Strategies
National Council on Crime and Delinquency
This brief informational report outlines the JAIS (Juvenile Assessment and Intervention System).

Health & Human Services

Addressing the Needs of Youth with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: The Current Status of Evidence-Based Research
National Council on Disability
This meta-analysis intended for policy makers summarizes existing information about youths in the juvenile justice system with disabilities and includes relevant policy recommendations.

Community Treatment Programs for Juveniles: A Best-Evidence Summary
International Journal of Behavioral and Consultation Therapy
Lee A. Underwood, Kara Sandor von Dresener, Annie L. Philips
A summary of the effectiveness of community programs for juveniles in the juvenile justice system that examines youth characteristics and evidence-based practices. A review of model evidence based programs.

Evidence-Based Practices in Addiction Treatment
The National Addiction Technology Transfer Center
Introduction to evidence-based practices in addiction treatment. This PowerPoint document provides a simple explanation about existing evidence-based treatment principles and practices and reviews the primary barriers to implementation.

Evidence-Based Practices: An Implementation Guide for Community-Based Substance Abuse Treatment Agencies
Iowa Consortium for Substance Abuse Research and Evaluation at the University of Iowa
This handbook provides concrete ways of bridging the gap between research findings and clinical practice by providing guidance on identifying, implementing, and maintaining evidence-based practices within substance abuse treatment strategies.

Evidence-Based Practices in Mental Health
NRI Center for Mental Health Quality & Accountability
This website provides a wide array of information related to the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in the area of mental health. It also links to reports about needs and priorities of state mental health agencies with regard to implementing evidence based practices.

Finding Out "What Works": A Guide to Finding the Evidence for "Evidence-Based Intervention"
New Jersey Health Initiatives, Mary Ann Scheirer and Kathleen C. Haynie
This document explains how to find, assess, and implement information about evidence-based practices on the Internet to assist local health and health-related projects to become more effective. It concentrates on outcomes such as: reduced incidence of disease, improved quality of life, improved status of disease indicators (e.g., blood pressure, HbA1C level for diabetes, or cholesterol level) and the reduction of unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking and substance abuse.

Identifying and Selecting Evidence-Based Interventions
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
This guide assists state and community planners in applying the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Strategic Prevention Framework to identify and select evidence-based interventions that address local needs and reduce substance abuse problems.

NIDA: Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations: A Research-Based Guide
Bennett W. Fletcher, and Redonna K. Chandler
This research-based guide for treating drug abusers within criminal justice settings provides 13 essential treatment principles, and includes answers to frequently asked questions, and resource information.

NREPP SAMHSA’S National Registry of Evidence Based Programs and Practices
U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
This searchable online registry contains more than 180 interventions that support mental health promotion, substance abuse prevention, and mental health and substance abuse treatment to help the public implement these programs in their communities. The interventions have been assessed by independent reviewers.

Community Supervision & Alternatives to Secure Confinement

Evidence Based Practice Recommendations for Juvenile Drug Courts
National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice in collaboration with the Louisiana Supreme Court Drug Court Office
Holly Hills, Jennie L. Shufelt, and Joseph J. Cocozza
This report provides encourages evidence based practice recommendations for juvenile drug courts in Louisiana, concerned with the screening and intake process, treatment, and outcome monitoring process. One of the goals is to help the drug courts identify problem areas and strategically address them.

Evidence-Based Sentencing: The Science of Sentencing Policy and Practice
Richard E. Redding, Chapman University School of Law, October 2009
This introductory article for the Chapman Journal of Criminal Justice’s Symposium Issue on evidence-based sentencing, provides an overview of the scientific and legal issues underlying the evidence-based approach to criminal justice interventions.

Implementing Evidence-Based Principles in Community Corrections: The Principles of Effective Intervention
National Institute of Corrections, Brad Bogue
This National Institute of Corrections brief explains levels of research that make strategies evidence based, presents principles of effective evidence-based corrections interventions, and identifies strategies for implementation.

Tools of the Trade: a Guide to Incorporating Science Into Practice
Faye S. Taxman, Eric S. Shepardson, James M. Byrne
This manual for court services practitioners, funded National Institute of Corrections, the Maryland Division of Parole and Probation, the Maryland Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention and the University of Maryland's Bureau of Governmental Research, provides real world relevance about research and its implications for working in the field.

Law Enforcement

Promising Practices of the District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department
The District of Columbia Crime Policy Institute
This report presents the District of Columbia Crime Policy Institutes five main categories of policing that have been linked to the decline in violent crime across the District of Columbia: community collaboration; intra-agency and inter-jurisdictional coordination; data intelligence and technology; and problem solving strategies and initiatives.

Responding to a High-Profile, Tragic Incident Involving a Person with a Serious Mental Illness: A Tool Kit for State Mental Health Commissioners
The Council of State Governments Justice Center & the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors
This tool kit combines practical tips for first responders, supported by relevant research, to manage a crisis involving a person with a history or current diagnosis of serious mental illness.

Smart Policing
Bureau of Justice Administration (BJA)
The Smart Policing Initiative website provides innovative and evidence-based law enforcement resources to the BJA Smart Policing community and to the nation's law enforcement community at large.

Weed and Seed Toolbox
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ccdo/pub/pdf/strategizer51.pdf . This issue of the Strategizer, a series of technical assistance manuals for community coalitions, focuses on evidence based strategies in a Weed and Seed context, the value of adopting evidence based strategies, ideas about how communities have addressed difficult issues, strategies for obtaining additional funding, evaluation strategies for long and short term progress, etc. The report concludes with a list of helpful resources.

Evidence Based Policing
Center for Evidence Based Crime Policy, George Mason University
http://gemini.gmu.edu/cebcp/Policing.html , http://gunston.gmu.edu/cebcp/Matrix/MatrixPaperJEC.pdf
The Evidence Based Policing Matrix tool was developed at this center to provide an easy framework for summarizing police evaluation studies ranked from high to moderate rigor.

Top 10 Strategies for Effectively Engaging Law Enforcement and Juvenile Justice Partners
PD Consortium, August 2010
The strategies on this list were chosen and identified as successful by a panel of project directors at a workshop at the PD Consortium.

Jails and Prisons

A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
National Institute of Corrections
This framework identifies the key structural elements of a system informed by evidence. It defines a vision of safer communities. The framework also highlights some of the most groundbreaking of the research evidence that clearly demonstrates that we can reduce pretrial misconduct and offender recidivism. It also sets out to begin to outline some of the most difficult challenges we will face as we seek to deliberately and systematically implement such an approach in local communities.

Correctional and Sentencing Reform for Drug Offenders
RKC Group, Roger K. Przybylski
This report by RKC Group supports informed discourse on criminal justice policy regarding drug-involved offenders based on a comprehensive review of the criminology and criminal justice literature.

Evidence-Based Practice Skills Assessment for Criminal Justice Organizations
National Institute of Corrections in partnership with the Crime and Justice Institute at Community Resources for Justice
This guide explains how to develop an Evidence Based Practice Skills Assessment (EBPSA), which is a self-report measurement tool that gauges the extent to which correctional staff demonstrate the skills necessary to successfully implement evidence-based practices, and summarizes how the EBPSA enhances the ability to become a more effective evidence-based organization.

Evidence Based Correctional Practices
Colorado Division of Criminal Justice, Office of Research and Statistics
This paper discusses eight principles of evidence based corrections, as identified by The National Institute of Corrections, some of which are assessing offender risk and needs levels using actuarial instruments and risk assessment and targeting inventions.

Preventing Recidivism

Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Crime and Criminal Justice Costs: Implications in Washington State
Washington State Institute for Public Policy, Elizabeth K. Drake, Steve Aos, and Marna G.Miller
http told into the://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/09-00-1201.pdf
This comprehensive analysis by the Washington State Institute for Public Policy was intended to stimulate the adoption of evidence based strategies that can reduce the future need for prison beds, save money for state and local taxpayers, and contribute to lower crime rates in Washington State.  The authors provide a systematic review and analysis of 545 comparison group evaluation studies of adult and juvenile corrections, prevention programs of evidence-based research, along with a cost benefit analysis from the perspectives of tax payers and crime victims.

Improving the Effectiveness of Juvenile Justice Programs: A New Perspective on Evidence-Based Practice
Center for Juvenile Justice Reform at Georgetown University
Mark W. Lipsey, James C. Howell, Marion R. Kelly, Gabrielle Chapman, Darin Carver, December 2010
This report addresses the problem of the need for a more efficient and holistic way to use research available to inform program practice in a cost- effective way and to reform the juvenile justice system by outlining a framework that integrates the Comprehensive Strategy and the Standardized Program Evaluation Protocol (SPEP) Tool.

The National Summit on Justice Reinvestment and Public Safety: Addressing Recidivism, Crime, and Corrections Spending
Council of State Governments Justice Center
This publication focuses on four promising approaches to reducing recidivism and making better investments in public safety: (1) focus resources on individuals most likely to reoffend, (2) base programs on science and ensure quality, (3) implement effective community supervision policies and practices, and (4) apply place-based strategies.

PowerPoint: Reintegration, Re-Entry, and After-Care
Reclaiming Futures
Dr. David Alschuler, Jeffrey Bidmon, Eric Shafer and Linda Moffitt, January 2009
The presentation outlines a promising practice approach for the reintegration and aftercare of released juveniles returning to their communities.

Rehabilitating and Reintegrating Youth Offenders: Are Residential and Community Aftercare Colliding Worlds and What Can Be Done About It?
Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice
Dr. David Alschuler
This paper explores the divergences of residential and after care services and their implications on youth offenders and public safety, while discussing evidence based strategies that address these problems

What Works: Effective Recidivism Reduction and Risk-Focused Prevention Programs
Roger Przybylski, February 2008
This report of effective interventions in reducing recidivism and preventing crime was written to assist the Colorado Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice in investigating evidence-based recidivism reduction initiatives and cost-effective crime prevention programs.

Information Sharing

Information Sharing in Criminal Justice-Mental Health Collaborations: Working with HIPAA and Other Privacy Laws
The Council of State Governments Justice Center
This guide assists criminal justice officials who work with health professionals to better use both systems' information, when appropriate, to reduce criminal justice involvement among people with mental illnesses and to provide better links to treatment.

Models for Change Information Sharing Toolkit
Child Welfare League of America and Juvenile Law Center
The toolkit is a guide for jurisdictions working with youth to share their information and data sharing practices. A step by step process outlines the laws, values, limits, and consequences of information sharing.

Guidelines for Juvenile Information Sharing
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
This report provides key state and local agency and organization stakeholders with guidelines for the collaborative implementation and sustainment of juvenile information sharing.

Training Programs for Juvenile Corrections Professionals
National Institute of Corrections, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Program
This manual provides information and applications on training sessions for juvenile corrections leaders and management in hopes of increasing support for evidence based practices.

II. Online Databases

This section provides access to online searchable databases and repositories of research studies. The sites offer information about effective strategies and programs by type of program, and in some cases, provide links to actual reports or executive summaries.

A Guide to Evidence-Based Practices on the Web
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
This site provides assistance in connecting stakeholders and participating jurisdictions with connections to outside websites that contain information on evidence-based interventions to prevent and treat mental health and substance abuse disorders. The websites listed provide information on both specific EBP’s, and comprehensive reviews of research findings.

Campbell Collaborative
This collaborative seeks to improve decision-making through systematic reviews on the effects of interventions within the areas of education, crime and justice, and social welfare. A systematic review uses transparent procedures to find, evaluate and synthesize the results of relevant research. Studies included in a review are screened for quality, so that the findings of a large number of studies can be combined.

Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy
George Mason University
The Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy, housed within the Department of Criminology, Law and Society, seeks to make scientific research a key component in decisions about crime and justice policies by advancing rigorous studies in criminal justice and criminology and proactively serving as an informational link to practitioners and the policy community.

Center for Program Evaluation and Performance Measurement, Resources on Evidence-Based Programs and Practices
Bureau of Justice Assistance
This website provides links to outside content, which are categorized by either general resources or specific programs and practices. General resources include other repositories of evidence-based practice information, as well as a brief description of what types of information can be found on those outside sites. The content on this website are not group-specific, i.e. only juveniles or only substance abusers, so information can be found on many target populations.

Evidence-Based Practices for Juvenile Justice
National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice
This website offers resources and links provide information and descriptions about evidence-based practices for mental health, substance abuse, and juvenile justice prevention and treatment of youth.

Evidence Based Programming for Adults and Juveniles
Indiana University Bloomington: Center for Evidence Based Practice
The Center for Evidence Based practice lists resources for various programs concerning supervision, rehabilitation (specific and general mental health programs), substance abuse, general/specific education, family focused, and referral.

OJJDP Model Programs Guide
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Preventions Model Programs Guide reviews evaluations of delinquency and substance abuse prevention programs as well as correctional and reentry programs for juvenile offenders. The guide classifies programs into three categories according to the strength of their evidence: Exemplary, Effective, and Promising. In general, Exemplary programs in the guide must have well-conducted randomized controlled studies, however, they do not need to have sustained effects or replications.

The Promising Practices Network
Rand Corporation
The Rand Corporation’s Promising Practices Network identifies evidenced-based programs that prevent at-risk behavior and delinquency. Programs are placed into two classifications: Proven or Promising. Proven programs must have either a randomized controlled research design or a strong matched comparison design (quasi-experimental).

National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
This registry provides a searchable database of interventions and programs for preventing and treating mental health and substance abuse disorders. This information was compiled specifically by SAMHSA to help communities and agencies implement EBPs in their jurisdictions. Searches can be customized based on topics, areas of interest, type of study, and target populations.

Social Programs that Work
Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy
The Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy has compiled a short list of social programs supported by very strong evidence. The criteria used by the review are similar to the criteria for the Effective with Reservation classification of OJP/USDOJ Working Group classification system. The following chart compares the criteria for the top classification in the multi-agency working group classification system and in each of the reviews listed above. An X indicates that top programs must meet the criteria listed above the columns. A question mark indicates that a review may require the criteria atop the column but that the review does not clearly state that this is the case.

Washington State Institute for Public Policy
This website offers a collection of reports and papers published by Washington State Institute for Public Policy about evidence-based criminal justice policy concerning adults, juveniles, and sex offenders.